Sculpture by Bram Birza and Marko Mihaljević


Dutch Golden Age (1600-1700)

  • a period in Dutch history in which Dutch trade, science, military and art were among the most acclaimed in the world
  • Dutch achievements in sculpture are less prominent than in painting and architecture: partly because of their absence in the interiors of Protestant churches, another reason was the comparatively small class of nobles
  • Sculptures were commissioned for government buildings, private buildings (often adorning house fronts) and the exteriors of churches
  • There was also a market for grave monuments and portrait busts
Hercules Crowned

Hercules Crowned, Martin Desjardins, Louvre, Paris

Mercury and Psyche

Mercury and Psyche, Adriaen de Vries, Louvre, Paris

  • Hendrick de Keyser, who was active at the dawn of the Golden Age, is one of the few prominent home-grown sculptors
  • In the 1650s and 1660s, the Flemish sculptor Artus I Quellinus was responsible for the classicizing decorations for the Amsterdam city hall (now the Royal Palace, Amsterdam), the major monument of Dutch Golden Age sculpture
Erasmus

Erasmus, Hendrick de Keyser, Rotterdam

Mercury

Mercury, Artus I Quellinus, Amsterdam City Hall

Flora

Flora, Rombout Verhulst, St. Hubertus

Relief in sandstone

Relief in sandstone, Albert Jansz Vinckebrinck, Amsterdam


Nineteenth Century

  • One of the few known sculptors of the nineteenth century is the Belgian-born sculptor Eugène Lacomblé (1828–1905) who lived and worked for the most part in the Netherlands
  • his studio is crowded with all kinds of things: designs for statues, portrait, medallions, animal heads and numerous small clay figures
  • Little is known about this sculptor or, for that matter, other Dutch sculptors working in the long nineteenth century yet we see their art around us all the time: in squares, parks and cemeteries, in public buildings such as churches and decorating facades everywhere
Ver Huellbank

Ver Huellbank, Eugène Lacomblé, Den Haag

Eugène Lacomblé’s studio

Eugène Lacomblé’s studio


Twentieth century

  • Around 1905-1910 pointillism as practiced by Jan Sluyters, Piet Mondrian and Leo Gestel was flourishing
  • Between 1911 and 1914 all the latest art movements arrived in the Netherlands one after another including cubism, futurism and expressionism
  • After World War I, De Stijl (The Style) was led by Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian and promoted a pure art, consisting only of vertical and horizontal lines, and the use of primary colors
Red and Blue Chair

Red and Blue Chair, Gerrit Rietveld

Frog and Cat

Frog and Cat, Karel Appel, Naoshima


Twenty-first century

  • Because of the fact that the twenty-first century has just began, there are not many (famous) sculptures made
  • Two famous sculptors are: Corneille Guillaume Beverloo and Guido Geelen
Girl from Ipanema, C.G. Beverloo

Girl from Ipanema, C.G. Beverloo

Animal Sculpture

Animal Sculpture, Guido Geelen, Leiden

Flying Cat

Flying Cat, C.G. Beverloo, Cobra Museum of Modern Art, Amstelveen